# 7 Modes of the Major Scale: Notes & Formulas for Modal Scales

๐คนโโ๏ธ An easy reference for the scales in the 7 modes of the major scale: Ionian (major), Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian (minor) and Locrian. You'll notice that they are organized by fifths, as with the circle of fifths, to help visualize the relationship between keys.

You might like this chart that illustrates the mode relationships to the major scale.

## Ionian Mode

1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7

The ionian mode is the same as the major scale. In other words, it's the major scale, unmodified.

I ii iii IV V vi viiยฐ I
C D E F G A B C
G A B C D E F♯ G
D E F♯ G A B C♯ D
A B C♯ D E F♯ G♯ A
E F♯ G♯ A B C♯ D♯ E
B C♯ D♯ E F♯ G♯ A♯ B
F♯ G♯ A♯ B C♯ D♯ E♯ F♯
D♭ E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C D♭
A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭ F G A♭
E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C D E♭
B♭ C D E♭ F G A B♭
F G A B♭ C D E F

## Dorian Mode

1 - 2 - b3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - b7

minor sounding; Smooth/Jazzy

From the major scale, the dorian mode is created by flattening the 3rd and flattening the 7th. Or, just like the natural minor scale, but with a raised 6th scale degree.

i ii III IV v viยฐ VII i
C D E♭ F G A B♭ C
G A B♭ C D E F G
D E F G A B C D
A B C D E F♯ G A
E F♯ G A B C♯ D E
B C♯ D E F♯ G♯ A B
F♯ G♯ A B C♯ D♯ E F♯
D♭ E♭ F♭ G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭
A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭ F G♭ A♭
E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭
B♭ C D♭ E♭ F G A♭ B♭
F G A♭ B♭ C D E♭ F

## Phrygian Mode

1 - b2 - b3 - 4 - 5 - b6 - b7

minor sounding; Eastern/Spanish/Latin

From the major scale, the phrygian mode is created by flattening the 2nd, 3rd, 6th and 7th. Or, just like the natural minor scale, but with a flattening 2nd scale degree.

i II III iv vยฐ VI vii i
C D♭ E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C
G A♭ B♭ C D E♭ F G
D E♭ F G A B♭ C D
A B♭ C D E F G A
E F G A B C D E
B C D E F♯ G A B
F♯ G A B C♯ D E F♯
D♭ E♭♭ F♭ G♭ A♭ B♭♭ C♭ D♭
A♭ B♭♭ C♭ D♭ E♭ F♭ G♭ A♭
E♭ F♭ G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭
B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭
F G♭ A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭ F

## Lydian Mode

1 - 2 - 3 - #4 - 5 - 6 - 7

major sounding; Dreamy/Ethereal

From the major scale, the lydian mode is created by raising the 4th scale degree.

I II iii ivยฐ V vi vii I
C D E F♯ G A B C
G A B C♯ D E F♯ G
D E F♯ G♯ A B C♯ D
A B C♯ D♯ E F♯ G♯ A
E F♯ G♯ A♯ B C♯ D♯ E
B C♯ D♯ E♯ F♯ G♯ A♯ B
F♯ G♯ A♯ B♯ C♯ D♯ E♯ F♯
D♭ E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C D♭
A♭ B♭ C D E♭ F G A♭
E♭ F G A B♭ C D E♭
B♭ C D E F G A B♭
F G A B C D E F

## Mixolydian Mode

1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - b7

major sounding; Smooth/Bluesy

From the major scale, the mixolydian mode is created by flattening the 7th scale degree.

I ii iiiยฐ IV v vi VII I
C D E F G A B♭ C
G A B C D E F G
D E F♯ G A B C D
A B C♯ D E F♯ G A
E F♯ G♯ A B C♯ D E
B C♯ D♯ E F♯ G♯ A B
F♯ G♯ A♯ B C♯ D♯ E F♯
D♭ E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭
A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭ F G♭ A♭
E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭
B♭ C D E♭ F G A♭ B♭
F G A B♭ C D E♭ F

## Aeolian Mode

1 - 2 - b3 - 4 - 5 - b6 - b7

The aeolian mode is the same as the natural minor scale. It's obtained from the major scale by flattening the 3rd, 6th and 7th scale degrees.

i iiยฐ III iv v VI VII i
C D E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C
G A B♭ C D E♭ F G
D E F G A B♭ C D
A B C D E F G A
E F♯ G A B C D E
B C♯ D E F♯ G A B
F♯ G♯ A B C♯ D E F♯
C♯ D♯ E F♯ G♯ A B C♯
G♯ A♯ B C♯ D♯ E F♯ G♯
D♯ E♯ F♯ G♯ A♯ B C♯ D♯
B♭ C D♭ E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭
F G A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭ F

## Locrian Mode

1 - b2 - b3 - 4 - b5 - b6 - b7

diminished sounding; Unresolved/Strange

From the major scale, the locrian mode is created by flattening the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th and 7th scale degrees. Or, starting from the minor scale, the locrian is obtained by flattening the 2nd and 5th scale degrees.

iยฐ II iii iv V VI vii iยฐ
C D♭ E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C
G A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭ F G
D E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C D
A B♭ C D E♭ F G A
E F G A B♭ C D E
B C D E F G A B
F♯ G A B C D E F♯
D♭ E♭♭ F♭ G♭ A♭♭ B♭♭ C♭ D♭
A♭ B♭♭ C♭ D♭ E♭♭ F♭ G♭ A♭
E♭ F♭ G♭ A♭ B♭♭ C♭ D♭ E♭
B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭ F♭ G♭ A♭ B♭
F G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭ F

## Piano Samples

The piano samples used for this reference to the 7 modes of the major scale are from “Salamander Grand Piano V3” by Alexander Holm, licensed under CC BY 3.0.