Interactive Circle of Fifths

    ✨ Below is an interactive circle of fifths tool to help you visualize notes, chords and keys. As the name implies, in the circle of fifths, each note/key on the wheel is separated by a fifth. Click on any of the 12 keys to select the tonic:

    Major

    DAEBF#DbAbEbBbGCFadgcfebf#c#g#d#bbtonicdominantsubdominantsupertonicsubmediantmediantleading toneIIVViiviiiivii° BF#C#G#D#BbFCGEADCFBbEbAbGDAEBF#DbmediantsubtonicsubmediantsubdominanttonicdominantsupertonicIIIVIVIIivivii°

    C major

    relative minor: A

    dominant: G

    subdominant: F

    chords in the key of C major

    C major scale

    G major

    relative minor: E

    dominant: D

    subdominant: C

    chords in the key of G major

    G major scale

    D major

    relative minor: B

    dominant: A

    subdominant: G

    chords in the key of D major

    D major scale

    notes: D E F♯ G A B C♯

    → full D major scale/chord reference

    A major

    relative minor: F♯

    dominant: E

    subdominant: D

    chords in the key of A major

    A major scale

    notes: A B C♯ D E F♯ G♯

    → full A major scale/chord reference

    E major

    relative minor: C♯

    dominant: B

    subdominant: A

    chords in the key of E major

    E major scale

    notes: E F♯ G♯ A B C♯ D♯

    → full E major scale/chord reference

    B major

    relative minor: G♯

    dominant: G♭/F♯

    subdominant: E

    chords in the key of B major

    B major scale

    notes: B C♯ D♯ E F♯ G♯ A♯

    → full B major scale/chord reference

    G♭/F♯ major

    relative minor: D♯

    dominant: D♭

    subdominant: B

    chords in the key of G♭/F♯ major

    G♭/F♯ major scale

    notes: G♭ A♭ B♭ C♭ D♭ E♭ F

    → full G♭/F♯ major scale/chord reference

    D♭ major

    relative minor: A♯/B♭

    dominant: A♭

    subdominant: G♭/F♯

    chords in the key of D♭ major

    D♭ major scale

    notes: D♭ E♭ F G♭ A♭ B♭ C

    → full D♭ major scale/chord reference

    A♭ major

    relative minor: F

    dominant: E♭

    subdominant: D♭

    chords in the key of A♭ major

    A♭ major scale

    notes: A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭ F G

    → full A♭ major scale/chord reference

    E♭ major

    relative minor: C

    dominant: B♭

    subdominant: A♭

    chords in the key of E♭ major

    E♭ major scale

    notes: E♭ F G A♭ B♭ C D

    → full E♭ major scale/chord reference

    B♭ major

    relative minor: G

    dominant: F

    subdominant: E♭

    chords in the key of B♭ major

    B♭ major scale

    F major

    relative minor: D

    dominant:

    subdominant: B♭

    chords in the key of F major

    F major scale

    A minor

    relative major: C

    dominant: E

    subdominant: D

    chords in the key of A minor

    A minor scale

    E minor

    relative major: G

    dominant: B

    subdominant: A

    chords in the key of E minor

    E minor scale

    B minor

    relative major: D

    dominant: F♯

    subdominant: E

    chords in the key of B minor

    B minor scale

    notes: B C♯ D E F♯ G A

    → full B minor scale/chord reference

    F♯ minor

    relative major: A

    dominant: C♯

    subdominant: B

    chords in the key of F♯ minor

    F♯ minor scale

    notes: F♯ G♯ A B C♯ D E

    → full F♯ minor scale/chord reference

    C♯ minor

    relative major: E

    dominant: G♯

    subdominant: F♯

    chords in the key of C♯ minor

    C♯ minor scale

    notes: C♯ D♯ E F♯ G♯ A B

    → full C♯ minor scale/chord reference

    G♯ minor

    relative major: B

    dominant: D♯

    subdominant: C♯

    chords in the key of G♯ minor

    G♯ minor scale

    notes: G♯ A♯ B C♯ D♯ E F♯

    → full G♯ minor scale/chord reference

    D♯ minor

    relative major: G♭/F♯

    dominant: A♯/B♭

    subdominant: G♯

    chords in the key of D♯ minor

    D♯ minor scale

    notes: D♯ E♯ F♯ G♯ A♯ B C♯

    → full D♯ minor scale/chord reference

    A♯/B♭ minor

    relative major: D♭

    dominant: F

    subdominant: D♯

    chords in the key of A♯/B♭ minor

    A♯/B♭ minor scale

    notes: A♯ B♯ C♯ D♯ E♯ F♯ G♯

    → full A♯/B♭ minor scale/chord reference

    F minor

    relative major: A♭

    dominant: C

    subdominant: A♯/B♭

    chords in the key of F minor

    F minor scale

    notes: F G A♭ B♭ C D♭ E♭

    → full F minor scale/chord reference

    C minor

    relative major: E♭

    dominant: G

    subdominant: F

    chords in the key of C minor

    C minor scale

    notes: C D E♭ F G A♭ B♭

    → full C minor scale/chord reference

    G minor

    relative major: B♭

    dominant: D

    subdominant: C

    chords in the key of G minor

    G minor scale

    notes: G A B♭ C D E♭ F

    → full G minor scale/chord reference

    D minor

    relative major: F

    dominant:

    subdominant: G

    chords in the key of D minor

    D minor scale


    more about the circle of fifths

    The circle of fifths comes in handy for visualizing notes, chords and keys. It helps in building chords as, for example, in a triad the 3rd note is always a fifth away from the root note (tonal).

    It also helps to see which keys harmonize well with a selected key. Keys that are adjacent to another key in the circle of fifths are closely related and will usually harmonize well.

    For a circle of fifths that also includes the 7 modes of the major scale , I recommend this one by Rand Scullard.

    If you're interested in learning more about the circle of fifths in general, here's a very detailed post from Musical U, and here's a video that makes it quite simple to grasp.


    piano samples

    The piano samples used here are from “Salamander Grand Piano V3” by Alexander Holm, licensed under CC BY 3.0.


    💡 You might also find this interactive major & minor scale reference useful

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