Interactive Piano Reference to All Major & Minor Scales

    💫 Here's a visual & interactive chart/reference for all the major and natural minor scales, their notes/pitches, layout on the piano keyboard, chords in the key of, and their relative minor or major. Use the banner at the bottom to jump to the different major or minor scales.

    All Major Scales

    Below is a chart of major scales, with keys in order of 5ths, as with the circle of fifths. This illustrates that there's just one note difference (at the 7th scale degree) between scales formed from keys that are separated by a fifth. Hit play on any scale to play its pitches up and down:

    IiiiiiIVVvivii°I
    CDEFGABC
    GABCDEF♯G
    DEF♯GABC♯D
    ABC♯DEF♯G♯A
    EF♯G♯ABC♯D♯E
    BC♯D♯EF♯G♯A♯B
    F♯G♯A♯BC♯D♯E♯F♯
    D♭E♭FG♭A♭B♭CD♭
    A♭B♭CD♭E♭FGA♭
    E♭FGA♭B♭CDE♭
    B♭CDE♭FGAB♭
    FGAB♭CDEF

    Major scales on piano

    And now for each of the major scales in more detail on the piano. Tip: click the lock icon to trigger the chords of that scale using keys 1 through 7 on your keyboard.

    C Major Scale

    notes: C D E F G A B

    relative minor: A minor

    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C

    chords in the key of C major

    → full C major scale piano reference

    D Major Scale

    notes: D E F G A B C

    relative minor: B minor

    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D

    chords in the key of D major

    → full D major scale piano reference

    E Major Scale

    notes: E F G A B C D

    relative minor: C♯ minor

    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E

    chords in the key of E major

    → full E major scale piano reference

    F Major Scale

    notes: F G A B C D E

    relative minor: D minor

    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F

    chords in the key of F major

    → full F major scale piano reference

    G Major Scale

    notes: G A B C D E F

    relative minor: E minor

    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G

    chords in the key of G major

    → full G major scale piano reference

    A Major Scale

    notes: A B C D E F G

    relative minor: F♯ minor

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A

    chords in the key of A major

    → full A major scale piano reference

    B Major Scale

    notes: B C D E F G A

    relative minor: G♯ minor

    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B

    chords in the key of B major

    → full B major scale piano reference

    D♭ / C♯ Major Scale

    D Major: D E F G A B C

    C Major: C D E F G A B

    relative minor: A♯ / B♭ minor

    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D

    chords in the key of D major

    → full D flat major scale piano reference

    E♭ / D♯ Major Scale

    E Major: E F G A B C D

    D Major: D E F G A B C

    relative minor: C minor

    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E

    chords in the key of E major

    → full E flat major scale piano reference

    G♭ / F♯ Major Scale

    G Major: G A B C D E F

    F Major: F G A B C D E

    relative minor: D♯ / E♭ minor

    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G

    chords in the key of G major

    → full G flat major scale piano reference

    A♭ / G♯ Major Scale

    A Major: A B C D E F G

    G Major: G A B C D E F

    relative minor: F minor

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A

    chords in the key of A major

    → full A flat major scale piano reference

    B♭ / A♯ Major Scale

    B Major: B C D E F G A

    A Major: A B C D E F G

    relative minor: G minor

    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B

    chords in the key of B major

    → full B flat major scale piano reference

    Minor Scales

    The following represents the natural minor scales, which is the default when we refer to minor scales.

    As with the major scales, let's start with a chart of minor scales, with keys in order of 5ths. With minor scales, the note that differs between scales that have their keys separated by a 5th is at the 2nd scale degree. Hit play on any scale to play its pitches up and down:

    iii°IIIivvVIVIIi
    ABCDEFGA
    EF♯GABCDE
    BC♯DEF♯GAB
    F♯G♯ABC♯DEF♯
    C♯D♯EF♯G♯ABC♯
    G♯A♯BC♯D♯EF♯G♯
    D♯E♯F♯G♯A♯BC♯D♯
    B♭CD♭E♭FG♭A♭B♭
    FGA♭B♭CD♭E♭F
    CDE♭FGA♭B♭C
    GAB♭CDE♭FG
    DEFGAB♭CD

    Minor scales on piano

    And now each of the natural minor scales in more detail on the piano. The full reference for each of the minor scales also includes the harmonic and melodic minors, and you can also reference the harmonic minor scale here and the melodic minor scale here. Again, you can lock the chords and use keys 1-7 on your keyboard to trigger them.


    piano samples

    The piano samples used for this piano scale reference are from “Salamander Grand Piano V3” by Alexander Holm, licensed under CC BY 3.0.


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