All Major & Minor Scales

    💫 Here's a visual & interactive reference for all the major and natural minor scales, their notes/pitches, layout on the piano keyboard, chords in the key of, and their relative minor or major. Use the banner at the bottom to jump to the different scales.

    Major Scales

    First, a reference chart of the major scales, with keys in order of 5ths, as with the circle of fifths. This illustrates that there's just one note difference (at the 7th scale degree) between scales formed from keys that are separated by a fifth. Hit play on any scale to play its pitches up and down:

    IiiiiiIVVvivii°I
    CDEFGABC
    GABCDEF♯G
    DEF♯GABC♯D
    ABC♯DEF♯G♯A
    EF♯G♯ABC♯D♯E
    BC♯D♯EF♯G♯A♯B
    F♯G♯A♯BC♯D♯E♯F♯
    D♭E♭FG♭A♭B♭CD♭
    A♭B♭CD♭E♭FGA♭
    E♭FGA♭B♭CDE♭
    B♭CDE♭FGAB♭
    FGAB♭CDEF

    And now for each of the major scales in more detail. Tip: click the lock icon to trigger the chords of that scale using keys 1 through 7 on your keyboard.

    C Major Scale

    notes: C D E F G A B

    relative minor: A minor

    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C

    chords in the key of C major

    → full C major scale reference

    D Major Scale

    notes: D E F G A B C

    relative minor: B minor

    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D

    chords in the key of D major

    → full D major scale reference

    E Major Scale

    notes: E F G A B C D

    relative minor: C♯ minor

    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E

    chords in the key of E major

    → full E major scale reference

    F Major Scale

    notes: F G A B C D E

    relative minor: D minor

    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F

    chords in the key of F major

    → full F major scale reference

    G Major Scale

    notes: G A B C D E F

    relative minor: E minor

    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G

    chords in the key of G major

    → full G major scale reference

    A Major Scale

    notes: A B C D E F G

    relative minor: F♯ minor

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A

    chords in the key of A major

    → full A major scale reference

    B Major Scale

    notes: B C D E F G A

    relative minor: G♯ minor

    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B

    chords in the key of B major

    → full B major scale reference

    D♭ / C♯ Major Scale

    D Major: D E F G A B C

    C Major: C D E F G A B

    relative minor: A♯ / B♭ minor

    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D

    chords in the key of D major

    → full D flat major scale reference

    E♭ / D♯ Major Scale

    E Major: E F G A B C D

    D Major: D E F G A B C

    relative minor: C minor

    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E

    chords in the key of E major

    → full E flat major scale reference

    G♭ / F♯ Major Scale

    G Major: G A B C D E F

    F Major: F G A B C D E

    relative minor: D♯ / E♭ minor

    • G
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G

    chords in the key of G major

    → full G flat major scale reference

    A♭ / G♯ Major Scale

    A Major: A B C D E F G

    G Major: G A B C D E F

    relative minor: F minor

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A

    chords in the key of A major

    → full A flat major scale reference

    B♭ / A♯ Major Scale

    B Major: B C D E F G A

    A Major: A B C D E F G

    relative minor: G minor

    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • A
    • B

    chords in the key of B major

    → full B flat major scale reference

    Minor Scales

    The following represents the natural minor scales, which is the default when we refer to minor scales.

    As with the major scales, let's start with a reference chart of the minor scales with keys in order of 5ths. With minor scales, the different note between scales with keys separated by a 5th is at the 2nd scale degree. Hit play on any scale to play its pitches up and down:

    iii°IIIivvVIVIIi
    ABCDEFGA
    EF♯GABCDE
    BC♯DEF♯GAB
    F♯G♯ABC♯DEF♯
    C♯D♯EF♯G♯ABC♯
    G♯A♯BC♯D♯EF♯G♯
    D♯E♯F♯G♯A♯BC♯D♯
    B♭CD♭E♭FG♭A♭B♭
    FGA♭B♭CD♭E♭F
    CDE♭FGA♭B♭C
    GAB♭CDE♭FG
    DEFGAB♭CD

    piano samples

    The piano samples used here are from “Salamander Grand Piano V3” by Alexander Holm, licensed under CC BY 3.0.


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